Chartered Accountancy (CA) is the most prestigious course in the field of accounting governed by a statutory body named ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accounts of India). ICAI tests the candidates on various grounds such as accounting, taxation, business practices, corporate laws, analytical skills, etc. Thus, ICAI issues the CA designation after thoroughly examining the theoretical and practical knowledge of the candidate. On average it takes 4.5 to 5 years to complete the CA course if a student clears all the exams in one attempt.


Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criterion for the candidate varies depending on the entry mode. There are two modes of pursuing the course – Foundation and the Direct Entry route.

  • Foundation Route
  • Candidates who aspire to become chartered accounts using this route have to complete 10+2 from a recognized board. After the successful registration through Since foundation exams are conducted twice a year. Therefore, the candidate aiming to appear for May and November session must get them registered by 31 December and 30 June respectively.

  • Direct Entry Route
  • The commerce graduates/postgraduates who have scored a minimum of 55% and other graduates /postgraduates with 60% marks are eligible to register for the course. Additionally, the students who have successfully qualified for the intermediate level exam conducted by the Institute of Companies Secretary of India or Institute of Cost Accountants of India can also apply through the direct entry route.


Steps To Pursue

  1. Registration (fees for Indian Students is INR 9000)
  2. Undergo a minimum study period of 4months for appearing in the exam.
  3. If CA Foundation is cleared, one can apply for CA Intermediate.
  4. On the other hand, the graduates /postgraduates can directly apply for CA IPCC with basic criteria fulfilled.
  5. After CA Intermediate (IPCC) registration candidate has to undergo 8 months study period.
  6. Appear for CA Intermediate (INR 18000 for both groups) and qualify at least one group.
  7. If one or both groups are cleared, the candidate shall apply for 3 years of article ship. The registration for the article ship also requires candidates to pursue orientation and IT Programs conducted by ICAI.
  8. The registration for CA Final can be done any time after clearing CA IPCC (INR 39800).
  9. The candidate can appear for CA Final only After 2.5 years of Article ship and AICITSS Training.
  10. Once CA Final is qualified, the candidate gets the membership of the ICAI.

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CA Foundation

This is an entry-level exam to pursue a career in Chartered Accountancy. This offline national level exam ideally takes place twice a year, unless otherwise stated. Each paper is 100 marks with time duration of 3 hours. Paper 1 and 2 consists of subjective questions wherein Paper 3 and 4 are objective in nature. There exists a negative marking for each wrong answer in an objective-type paper. Thus 1/4th marks are deducted for the wrong answer. To qualify for the CA Foundation; candidates need to obtain 40% in each subject along with 50% aggregate.

CA Foundation Syllabus

Papers Subjects
Paper 1 Principles and Practice of Accounting
Paper 2 Business laws
Business Correspondence Reporting
Paper 3 Business Mathematics
Logical Reasoning
Paper 4 Business economics
Business and Commercial Knowledge

CA Intermediate

This is the second level of the CA course after the candidate successfully qualifies for the CA Foundation. It consists of a total of 8 subjects being divided into two groups. At this level, along with theoretical knowledge, the focus lies on practical expertise too. The CA Inter exam has been restructured and the weightage for the subjects has been significantly altered. Now, the 30% of the paper 2, 4, 6 and 7 includes objective type questions and remaining 70% is subjective in nature. Here, objective questions do not hold any negative marking. It is mandatory to attempt the first question of each paper, for the rest choices are provided. The passing criteria remain the same here as well 40% in each paper and an aggregate 50%. The students have the choice to appear for groups separately or together.

CA Intermediate Syllabus

Papers Subjects
Group - I
Paper 1 Accounting
Paper 2 Corporate and Other Laws
Paper 3 Cost and Management Accounting
Paper 4 Taxation
Group - II
Paper 5 Advanced Accounting
Paper 6 Auditing and Assurance
Paper 7 Enterprise Information System and Strategy Management
Paper 8 Financial Management and Economics for Finance

CA Final

This is the final level exam of the CA course where advanced knowledge of the candidate is tested. Similar to the Intermediate, CA finals comprised of 8 subjects being divided into two groups. Here, 30% of the Paper 3, 4, 7, and 8 consists of objective-type questions. Paper 6 (elective paper) comprises of 6 subject preferences, out of which candidates have to choose only one. The candidate requires 40% marks in each of the subjects and 50% aggregate marks to qualify for the CA Final exams.

CA Final Syllabus

Papers Subjects
Group - I
Paper 1 Financial Reporting
Paper 2 Strategic Financial Management
Paper 3 Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics
Paper 4 Corporate and Economic Laws
Group - II
Paper 5 Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation
Paper 6 Elective Paper (Choose any one )
  • Risk Management
  • Financial Services and Capital Market
  • International Taxation
  • Economics Laws
  • Global Financial Reporting Standards
  • Multidisciplinary case study
Paper 7 Direct Tax Laws and International Taxation
Paper 8 Indirect Tax Laws
  • Goods and Services Tax(GST)
  • Customs and FTP
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